Southern Three-Banded Armadillo - Tolypeutes matacus
They prefer dry forests, savannas, open grassy areas, and marshes.
Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay
They have four claws on each forefoot. The three strips of toughened skin in the middle of their back allow for them to protect themselves from predators. They have a long snout for smell (most developed sense) and a long tongue for scooping up fleeing insects.
12-14 inches, usually 4-7 pounds
solitary unless the temperature gets too cold when they’ll huddle together.
ants, termites, other insects, fruit, and some small invertebrates
The gestation period of a three banded armadillo is around 120 days. They will give birth to a single baby between November and January. They babies can curl into a ball immediately after birth. The young will nurse for about 72 days before being weaned. It is sexually mature after 9-12 months of life.
Stable, they are considered near threatened. They are also in an AZA Species Survival Plan.
- they mark their territory with a scent
- they are born soft and leathery, it takes a few weeks for them to develop their hard shell
- they can smell a worm that is 8 inches underground
- when threatened they will curl into a ball which protects them from most
- predators, except large ones like jaguars that can crack their shell
- they are the only type of armadillo that can completely enclose themselves by rolling into a ball
- they are classified as a toothless mammal but they have small primitive teeth at the sides of their jaws.
- The head plates are unique to each armadillo, like human fingerprints.
- Has a hard time maintaining body temperature so must be in warmer habitats.
- Hard shell is called a carapace and is made of bone and tough skin.
AZA cooperatively manages this species as a Species Survival Plan® Program.
- Adult (13 and over)$9.75
- Child (2 - 12)$6.75
- Child (1 and Under)FREE
- Senior (65+)$8.75
- Active Military$8.75
We begin transferring animals to evening (off exhibit) holding at 4:30 each night.
Open Daily 10:00-5:00
Last admission at 4:30