Greater Spear-Nosed Bat - Phyllostomus hastatus
Have been found along stream beds, but can also be found in dryer areas. Animals were found equally in open and forested habitat.
It is in North and central South America.
It has a well developed nose, widely separate ears, and short tail. Males have a well developed throat sac. The lower lip has a "V" shaped grove with numerous protuberances.
They have a body length of 4-5 inches and a wing span of 2 feet.
Males may defend a group of females with a colony, forming temporary havens of up to 30 females per male. They roost together in caves or tree hollows, sometimes forming colonies of several 1000 individuals.
Live up to 18 years.
These bats are omnivorous, eating primarily vertebrates, flowers and pollen. Radio tracking studies found that individuals will travel up to 5km to feeding sites each night.
Spear-nosed bats may be monoestrus (one reproductive bout per year) or polyestrus (multiple reproductive bouts in a year); the pattern may be geographically dependent. Lactating females have been found throughout the year. They generally have one offspring at a time. Gestation about 4 months.
Of little concern in the wild according to the IUCN.
- Important pollinator and seed-disperser of certain tropical trees.
- The world’s only true flying mammal.
- Have reasonably good eyesight, but they use echolocation to navigate. They emit high frequency clicking sounds up to 200/second. The sound waves strike objects in their way and an echo is returned to the bat. This allows them to judge distances between itself and objects.
- Adult (13 and over)$9.50
- Child (2 - 12)$6.50
- Child (1 and Under)FREE
- Senior (65+)$8.50
- Active Military$8.50
We begin transferring animals to evening (off exhibit) holding at 4:30 each night.
Open Daily 10:00-5:00
Last admission at 4:30